This is a guide to migrate Debian's apt package management commands to Alpine's apk commands.
Software packages for Alpine Linux are digitally signed tar.gz archives that contain binaries, configuration files and dependency metadata. Packages, sometimes called "a-packs" use the extension
How to use this guide
Use this guide to translate Debian apt-get commands to Alpine apk commands used within a Dockerfile.
Because this guide focuses on Dockerfiles, it only covers a selected subset of all apk commands. Readers interested in learning more about apk should read Alpine's package management guide.
The following table contains the mapping from apt commands to apk commands.
|Action||apt command||apk command|
Update package database
apt-get install package1 package2
apk add package1 package2
apt-get remove package1 package2
apk del package1 package2
apt-get install --download-only package1 package2
apk fetch package1 package2
Clean up downloaded packages
Alpine cleans up packages automatically.
Learning more about apk
The fastest to learn about apk is to use it within a Docker container.
$ docker pull alpine
$ docker run -ti alpine
You will get Alpine's shell prompt. To get detailed information on options and sub-commands, execute:
#apk --help --verbose